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An Experimental Study of OH Heterogeneous Reaction on the Surfaces of Atmospheric Importance under Dry and Wet Conditions

2009년 8월 14일 14시 35분 32초
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금 16시 : 40분
물리화학 - Theoretical and Experimental Physical Chemistry Forum
저자 및
박종호, Andrey V. Ivanov1, Mario J. Molina1
한국원자력연구원 원자력화학연구부, Korea
1University of California, San Diego, United States
An experimental study of the dependence of the OH uptake coefficient over a relative humidity of 0-48 % was carried out at 100 Torr and room temperature, using a differential bead-filled flow tube coupled to a high-pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometer. Various organic (paraffin wax, pyrene, glutaric acid, and soot) and inorganic (NaCl, KCl, MgCl2, CaCl2, Na2SO4, and sea salt) surfaces served as proxies for tropospheric aerosols. A virtual cylindrical flow tube approximation and a surface coating dilution technique were successfully employed in the study, which included measurements of high radical uptake with an initial probability of near unity. For inorganic salts, the effect of water vapor, enhancement or inhibition of the OH uptake coefficient, was found to be dependent on the blocking of anions and changes in surface pH. Although OH uptake by NaCl, the major component of sea-salt aerosols, is weakly dependent on water vapor, it is enhanced by a factor of 2 for MgCl2 and determines the net relative humidity dependence of the radical uptake on sea salt, which is enhanced by a factor of 4. For the organic surfaces studied, the enhancement effect of a factor 4 was also observed only for a hydrophilic organic surface, namely, glutaric acid. Results of the uptake studies suggest that the effect of relative humidity is important and should be accounted for in atmospheric modeling of tropospheric aerosol chemistry.