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03월 02일 17시 이후 : 초록수정 불가능, 일정확인 및 검색만 가능
제109회 대한화학회 학술발표회, 총회 및 기기전시회 안내
The Current Challenges and Solutions to Algal Biofuels and Bioproducts Research and Development: A Perspective from the National Alliance of Advanced Biofuels and Bioproducts (NAABB)
2012년 3월 8일 14시 55분 15초
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목 14시 : 30분
Biomass-based energy and biomaterials
Los Alamos 국립연구소 Bioscience Division, Korea
Recently biomass-derived fuels have received increasing attention as a solution to US’s continued and growing dependence in imported oil, which exposes US to the risk of critical disruption in fuel supply, creates economic and social uncertainties for individuals, businesses, and national security. By the establishment of The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007, US recently revived investment in algal biofuels. Through appropriate dollars and the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, US has been investing in a variety of research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) projects that seek to identify key technical and engineering hurdles associated with commercializing algal biofuels. Within this context National Alliance of Advanced Biofuels and Bioprodcts (NAABB) was created to identify key challenges and propose solutions to produce algal biofuels and bioproducts that are economically viable and environmentally sound. The overall goal of the NAABB is to produce new technologies that can be implemented by our commercial partners and others developing the algal biofuel industry. In order to achieve this goal, NAABB program incorporates major objectives in Algal Biology, Cultivation, Harvesting/Extraction, and Conversion to fuels, Co-product development, and Economic/energy-balance modeling and resource management components that will establish the technologies’ viability for overall sustainability. As the original organizer and a lead research institute of NAABB, Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) has been developing algae growth enhancer technology, algal systems biology pipeline that includes the algal genomics resource, stable-isotopes assisted MS/NMR-based metabolomics, and algal genetic transformation technology. LANL also developed technologies for low-energy algal harvest and extraction, CO2 capture and storage, fuel conversion and water quality control technologies. In this presentation the membership, technical highlights of NAABB and the current algal biofuels and bioproducts researches at LANL will be discussed. Additionally, the talk will review other major RD&D and investment activities in algal biofuels and bioproducts in U.S. (This work is supported by US-DOE grant DE-EE003046 awarded to NAABB).
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