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제121회 대한화학회 학술발표회, 총회 및 기기전시회 안내 Comparative Studies of Electrochemical Performance and Characterization of TiO2 /Graphene Nanocomposites as Anode Materials for Li-Secondary Batteries

2018년 1월 25일 22시 13분 42초
ANAL1.O-4 이곳을 클릭하시면 발표코드에 대한 설명을 보실 수 있습니다.
목 09시 : 55분
Analytical Chemistry - Oral Presentation of Young Analytical Chemists I
저자 및
Hasan Jamal, Chang-Seop LEE*
Department of Chemistry, Keimyung University, Korea
Using graphene oxide (GO) and titanium dioxide (TiO2), various types of composites comprised of graphene-bonded and grafted anatase TiO2 were synthesized without employing a cross-linking reagent in this study. Graphene sheets were uniformly dispersed among the TiO2 particles, to enhance the cyclability and electronic conductivity of the TiO2 anode for lithium ion batteries. Composites of GO prepared with three types of TiO2 (nanoparticles, nanorods, nanofibers) were synthesized by hydrothermal and calcination treatment. The reduction of GO increased simultaneously after calcination under argon atmosphere at 400 °C for 4 h. The anatase type of TiO2 was used to achieve overall better electrochemical performance. The physicochemical properties were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-Ray powder diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Raman spectroscopy. Surface properties were measured by the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) & Barrett-Joyner-Halenda (BJH) method. The electrochemical properties were also investigated by Galvanostatic charge-discharge and Electrochemical Impedance Spectra (EIS). TiO2 nanoparticles composite with graphene delivered rate capability of 155 mAh g-1 at 0.5 C and restored the rate capacity of 109 mAh g-1 after 20 C, with a capacity loss of 30 %. TiO2 nanorods composite with graphene benefited from its unique morphology exhibited rate capability of 124 mAh g-1 at 0.5 C and regain the rate capability of 97 mAh g-1, with a capacity loss of 22 %. In addition, TiO2 nanofibers graphene composite with low surface area 19 m2g-1 and pore volume of 0.086 cm3g-1 transported rate capability of 68 mAh g-1 at 0.5 C and recover the rate capacity of 64 mAh g-1 after 20 C owing to its higher value of lithium-ion diffusion coefficient.