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제122회 대한화학회 학술발표회, 총회 및 기기전시회 안내 Unexpected Finding of Pore Blockage & Local Graphitization of Si@C Yolk-Shell Structure during Magnesiothermic Reduction

등록일
2018년 8월 30일 15시 41분 19초
접수번호
2092
발표코드
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발표시간
목 10시 : 17분
발표형식
구두발표
발표분야
Material Chemisty - Oral Presentation of Young Material Chemists
저자 및
공동저자
Min seok Kang, Won Cheol Yoo1,*
Department of Applied Chemistry, Hanyang University, Korea
1Department of Chemical and Molecular Engineering, Hanyang University, Korea
As current electronic devices need more capacity and long-lived energy storage, new materials that possess more energy storage are of highly desirable. Silicon presents capacity of 3580 mAh/g as anode material for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs), of which capacity is much higher than the capacity (372 mAh/g) of current graphite anode; thus it has been believed as a next-generation anode material for LIBs. Silicon anode suffers from several technical issues, however, which are of severe volume change up to 400 % during cycling and low electric conductivity. In addition, at the first cycle, silicon reacts excessively with the electrolyte to generate solid-electrolyte interface layer (SEI layer) due to volume expansion, which reduce the coulombic efficiency (CE), eventually resulting in lower the capacity of the battery. In order to compensate theses disadvantages, the Si@C yolk-shell structure has been designed via various ways, among which magnesiothermic reduction of SiO2@C composite to prepare Si@C yolk-shell structure has been of great interest in. Herein, we first report that complete pore blockage and local graphitization of carbon shell were identified during magnesiothermic reduction, which has not been reported so far. The microposority of carbon shell was completely blocked after magnesiothermic reduction, determined by nitrogen sorption measurement. In addition, local graphitization of carbon shell was observed under TEM analysis and Raman analysis also supported the increase of graphitization degree. Such unexpected finding could be ascribed to the exothermic reduction nature of magnesiothermic reduction, resulted in graphitization and consequent pore blockage of carbon. As prepared Si@C yolk-shell structure exhibited outstanding capacitance of 1500 mAhg-1 (@100 cycles) with stable long term stability and prominent rate performance.

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