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  • 02월 28일 17시 이후 : 초록수정 불가능, 일정확인 및 검색만 가능

제123회 대한화학회 학술발표회, 총회 및 기기전시회 안내 Understanding the charging dynamics of an ionic liquid electric double layer capacitor

2019년 3월 18일 17시 27분 10초
PHYS3-1 이곳을 클릭하시면 발표코드에 대한 설명을 보실 수 있습니다.
금 14시 : 30분
Physical Chemistry - Physical Chemistry Approaches in Energy and Environmental Materials
저자 및
YounJoon Jung
Division of Chemistry, Seoul National University, Korea
We investigate the charging phenomena of an electric double layer capacitor (EDLC) by conducting both equilibrium and non-equilibrium molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. A graphene electrode and 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium thiocyanate ionic liquid were used as a system for the EDLC. We clarify the ionic layer structure and show that an abrupt change of the ionic layers leads to a high differential capacitance of the EDLC. The charging simulations reveal that the charging dynamics of the EDLC is highly dependent on the rearrangement of the ionic layer structure. Particularly, the electrode charge during the charging process is consistent with the perpendicular displacement of ionic liquid molecules. From this property, we analyze the contribution of each molecular ion to the electrode charge stored during charging. Charging of the EDLC is largely dependent on desorption of the co-ions from the electrode rather than the adsorption of the counter-ions. In addition, the contribution of bulk ions to the charge stored in the EDLC is as important as that of ions adjacent to the electrode surface contrary to the conventional viewpoint. From these results, we identify the charging mechanism of the EDLC and discuss the relevance to experimental results. Our findings in the present study are expected to play an important role in designing an efficient EDLC with a novel perspective on the charging of the EDLC.