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제125회 대한화학회 학술발표회 및 총회 A two-step charge separation via intermediate partial charge transfer state in a molecular dyad

2020년 1월 28일 12시 39분 38초
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Physical Chemistry
저자 및
Taeyeon Kim, Dongho Kim*
Department of Chemistry, Yonsei University, Korea
Charge separation (CS) in molecular systems usually takes place in weakly coupled donor–acceptor dyads where an electron charge moves from the donor to the acceptor in the local excited state of a chromophore. Herein, we present a two-step charge-separation process in a newly synthesized diketopyrrolopyrrole-pyrrolopyrrole (DPP-PP) dyad (AD), which starts from the initial photoexcited bright exciton and goes through a partial charge-transfer (CT) state before finally reaching the charge-separated (CS) state. The evolving CT character in the excited state is demonstrated through the complementary use of transient absorption, broad-band fluorescence upconversion, and transient impulsive stimulated Raman spectroscopy. The bright exciton state of the dyad relaxes to a partial CT state with 1 and 20 ps during solvent and structural fluctuations in toluene, respectively, and with 700 fs for the solvent fluctuations occurring in tetrahydrofuran. This is evident from the characteristic excited-state absorption spectra and the reduced fluorescence intensity observed on the adiabatic potential energy surface. AD in THF additionally evolves to the diabatic potential energy surface of the CS state, whose absorption spectrum converges to that of a DPP anion for which fluorescence is completely quenched. The trend of shifting for certain vibrational frequencies also supports the proposed CT dynamics and mechanism; furthermore, it gives quantitative insight into the CT characters of the bright state (0.1 e) and intermediate partial CT state (0.5 e), as determined by the linear relationship that exists between the vibrational frequency of the marker modes and the CT character.