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대한화학회 창립 75주년
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09월 23일 17시 이후 : 초록수정 불가능, 일정확인 및 검색만 가능
제126회 대한화학회 학술발표회 및 총회
Photoelectrochemical CO2 Reduction into Liquid Fuels: Thermodynamics and Kinetics Control
2020년 10월 5일 10시 59분 04초
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[KCS-SK innovation Joint Symposium] Green Chemistry for Social Value
Young soo Kang
Department of Chemistry, Sogang University, Korea
Photoelectrochemical (PEC) system for the reduction of CO2 into liquid fuels of formaldehyde and acetaldehyde with minor hydrogen gas bubbling has been described in the aspect of thermodynamics and kinetics of the CO2 reduction reaction to have efficient method by lowering activation energy of CO2 reduction on the electron transfer reaction and to do reduction potential tuning of CO2 reduction reaction for the selective reduction products. Ca/Fe doped TiO2 photoanode oxidizes water and generates the large amount of O2, electrons and protons. On the other side, rGO(reduced graphene oxide)/PVP(poly(4-vinyl)pyridine)/Nafion multi-layers have been coated and fabricated on the surface of Cu foil cathode to reduce CO2 into formaldehyde and acetaldehyde. When solar light was irradiated on the surface of photoanode, electrons get excited to the conduction band of Ca/Fe doped TiO2 and transported to the cathode via external wire with low external bias potential. rGO on Cu foil has been used for the dual functions of reduction potential tuning and multi-electron shuttling process of CO2 reduction reaction. The multi-electron shuttling function was illuminated by larger number and longer life-time of excited electrons and generating electron cloud, which have been confirmed by time-resolved photoluminescence (TR-PL) decay curves and 2D time-resolved photoluminescence (TR-PL) mapping images of Cu/rGO electrode. This allows the sequential multi-electron transport process from Cu/rGOcathode to CO2, which was studied with time-resolved chronoamperometry. N-heterocyclic poly(4-vinyl)pyridine (PVP) helps to capture and do chemical activation of reactant CO2 molecule by complexation as [PVP-CO2*] complex via charge separation and lowering transition state energy level of the electron transfer for the formation of anion radical of carbon dioxide complex with PVP as [e- + PVP-CO2*]≠ complex via electron delocalization, which is basically possible due to high basicity of lone pair electrons of nitrogen atoms of N-heterocyclic PVP compounds. These functions result in the lowered activation energy for the CO2 reduction reaction to have faster kinetics. The decreased amount of activation energy was determined with Tafel plots by measuring the slopes of it and semicircles of the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) Nyquist plots at different temperatures. Nafion film coated on the surface of cathode assists the faster transport of H+ ions to CO2 reduction reaction sites for the simultaneous one-pot reaction of proton coupled electron transfer reactions.
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