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제118회 대한화학회 학술발표회, 총회 및 기기전시회 안내 Enhanced Charge Reaction Kinetics of Metal-modified Hematite Photoanodes for Solar Water Splitting

2016년 8월 31일 13시 38분 24초
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목 10시 : 40분
환경에너지 - Recent Trends in Environmental and Energy Chemistry
저자 및
전태화, 최원용*
POSTECH 환경공학부, Korea
Porous hematite (alpha-Fe2O3) films doped with Sn(IV) and coated with an ultrathin (~2 nm thick) Nb2O5 passivation layer were synthesized, and the photoelectrochemical (PEC) water oxidation performance and durability of the hematite were examined in detail. As compared to hematite samples modified by either doping or passivation, dual-modified hematite exhibited a promising PEC water oxidation performance (i.e., an onset potential of ~0.7 V vs. RHE and a photocurrent density of ~2 mA cm-2 at 1.23 V vs. RHE in the presence of Co2+) under AM 1.5 irradiation. A stable photocurrent was maintained under prolonged irradiation over 24 h, while O2 was produced from water with a Faradaic efficiency of over 80% without showing any sign of deactivation. This performance and durability could be decoupled into separate effects of Sn doping and Nb2O5 layer via in-depth surface characterization and electrochemical analyses. Sn doping increased the donor density (Nd) of bare hematite by a factor of 20 and significantly improved its conductivity, leading to enhanced charge transfer efficiency. The Nb2O5 layer exerted an effect similar to Sn doping because of the diffusion of a fraction of Nb(V) into the hematite lattice during the annealing process at 700 oC. The primary effect of the Nb2O5 layer is to passivate the hematite surface and make the surface more reactive toward the oxygen evolution through water oxidation. These effects are synergistically combined in the dual-modified hematite electrode.